"Baitfish" is used on Westfly as a general term to cover a multitude of small fish species that are preyed upon by larger fish. Depending on where you are, anything that swims--including you and me--is bait for something (seen "Jaws" lately?)
Baitfish are usually small, and often silvery, brown, or yellow-green. Trout and other fish-eaters are rarely selective about them, but it's useful to know what's available so you can more closely match the size, color, and habits of the natural prey. Streamers patterns such as Matukas, Zonkers, and Woolly Buggers are good general imitators of baitfish. For specific information and imitations, look up the species with the pull-down menu. Check out the articles listed below, as well.
Articles About Baitfish
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Baitfish Patterns for Smallmouth . . . and Trout Smallmouth bass patterns have been driven by eastern fly fishers. But Western smallmouth have a unique food source. Here are some flies that match what they eat in springtime. Jeff Morgan
Vibration Flies What do you do when the water's so murky the fish can't see your fly? Check out the flies Jeff Morgan used to outfish the velveeta and stinkbait crowd. Jeff Morgan